Banksy (1974 -- ) is a graffiti artist from Bristol, UK, whose artwork has appeared throughout London and other locations around the world. Despite this he carefully manages to keep his real name from the mainstream media. However, many newspapers assert that his real name is Robert or Robin Banks.
Banksy, despite not calling himself an artist, has been considered by some as talented in that respect; he uses his original street art form, often in combination with a distinctive stencilling technique, to promote alternative aspects of politics from those promoted by the mainstream media.
Some believe that his stencilled graffiti provides a voice for those living in urban environments that could not otherwise express themselves, and that his work is also something which improves the aesthetic quality of urban surroundings; many others disagree, asserting that his work is simple vandalism (a claim made by at least Peter Gibson, spokesperson for Keep Britain Tidy), or that his (apparently left wing) beliefs are not shared by the majority of the inhabitants of the environments that he graffitis. This political purpose behind his vandalism is reminiscent of the Ad Jammers or subvertising movement, who deface corporate advertising to change the intended message and hijack the advert.
Banksy does, however, also do paid work for charities (e.g., Greenpeace) as well as demanding up to £25,000 for canvases. It has also been alleged  and denied  that Banksy has done work with corporations such as Puma. This has led to him being accused of being a sellout and a careerist by other artists and activists.
Due to the shroud of secrecy surrounding his real identity and his subversive character; Banksy has achieved somewhat of a cult following from some of the younger age group within the stencilling community.
In 2004 the Space Hijackers gave out spoof vouchers outside a Banksy exhibition to highlight the artist's ironic use of anti-capitalist and protest imagery while doing work for corporations and art galleries.
Another of Banksy's tricks involved hanging a piece of his own art in London's Tate Modern, and as of March 2005, the New York Museum of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum, and the American Museum of Natural History. In May 2005 Bansky's version of primitive cave painting depicting a human figure hunting wildlife while pushing a shopping cart was found hanging in the British Museum.
On 4 August 2005, the BBC reported that Banksy had painted 9 images on the Palestinian side of the Israeli West Bank barrier, including an image of a ladder up and over the wall and an image of children digging a hole through the wall.
Banksy has also self-published several books that contain photos of his work in various countries as well as some of his canvas work and exhibitions, accompanied by his own subversive and often witty writings. His first book, published in black and white, is Banging your head against a brick wall followed by the full color Existencilism. In 2004 he published his third book, Cut it Out, and 2005 saw the publication by Random House of Wall and Piece.
A common technique in Banksy's art is to play on the perspective and edges of the item on which he is stencilling. Examples include 'trapdoors', 'criminal rats', photo opportunities and 'peeing soldiers
Performing a whois lookup on Banksy's website reveals that the registrant is Stephen Lazarides, a photographer. It has been suggested that Lazarides is Banksy also going under the name of gHOSTbOY. However Lazarides is actually Banksy's manager and Banksy has gone to great lengths to conceal his identity. Whilst creating artwork for Wall of Sounds's "Two Culture Clash" in Jamaica a number of photographs were purportedly taken of him by the event's official photographer, Peter Dean Rickards. After the pair had a number of disagreements, Rickards later sold the supposed photos of Banksy to the London Evening Standard. Rickards then published an article on a website entitiled "Just who the fuck is Banksy?!?". There are arguments for and against the veracity of the photographs.